Product Name

Rifapentine

CAS Number

61379-65-5

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Product Name:
Rifapentine
CAS Number:
61379-65-5
Indication:
For the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Mode of Action:

Rifapentine has shown higher bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities especially against intracellular bacteria growing in human monocyte-derived macrophages. Rifapentine inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase in susceptible strains of M. tuberculosis. Rifapentine acts via the inhibition of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, leading to a suppression of RNA synthesis and cell death.

Pharmacodynamics:

Rifapentine is an antibiotic that inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity in susceptible cells. Specifically, it interacts with bacterial RNA polymerase but does not inhibit the mammalian enzyme. It is bactericidal and has a very broad spectrum of activity against most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (including Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and specifically Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Because of rapid emergence of resistant bacteria, use is restricted to treatment of mycobacterial infections and a few other indications. Rifampin is well absorbed when taken orally and is distributed widely in body tissues and fluids, including the CSF. It is metabolized in the liver and eliminated in bile and, to a much lesser extent, in urine, but dose adjustments are unnecessary with renal insufficiency.

Metabolism:

Hepatic

IUPAC:
(7S,9E,11S,12R,13S,14R,15R,16R,17S,18S,19E,21Z)-26-[(1E)-[(4-cyclopentylpiperazin-1-yl)imino]methyl]-2,15,17,27,29-pentahydroxy-11-methoxy-3,7,12,14,16,18,22-heptamethyl-6,23-dioxo-8,30-dioxa-24-azatetracyclo[23.3.1.1⁴,⁷.0⁵,²⁸]triaconta-1(28),2,4,9,19,21,25(29),26-octaen-13-yl acetate
ATC:
J04AB05 — Rifapentine
PubChem:
46507322
DrugBank:
DB01201
Formula:
C47-H64-N4-O12
Molecular Mass:
Average: 877.0307 Monoisotopic: 876.452073532
Synonyms:
3-(((4-Cyclopentyl-1-piperazinyl)imino)methyl)rifamycin
SMILES:
CO[C@H]1C=CO[C@@]2(C)OC3=C(C2=O)C2=C(C(O)=C3C)C(O)=C(NC(=O)C(C)=C/C=C/[C@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](C)[C@H](OC(C)=O)[C@@H]1C)C(C=NN1CCN(CC1)C1CCCC1)=C2O
InChi:
InChI=1S/C47H64N4O12/c1-24-13-12-14-25(2)46(59)49-37-32(23-48-51-20-18-50(19-21-51)31-15-10-11-16-31)41(56)34-35(42(37)57)40(55)29(6)44-36(34)45(58)47(8,63-44)61-22-17-33(60-9)26(3)43(62-30(7)52)28(5)39(54)27(4)38(24)53/h12-14,17,22-24,26-28,31,33,38-39,43,53-57H,10-11,15-16,18-21H2,1-9H3,(H,49,59)/b13-12+,22-17+,25-14-,48-23+/t24-,26+,27+,28+,33-,38-,39+,43+,47-/m0/s1

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