Guanylate cyclase C (GC-C) agonist Plecanatide and its active metabolite bind to GC-C and act locally on the luminal surface of intestinal epithelial cells; GC-C activation leads to increased cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), which, in turn, stimulates secretion of chloride and bicarbonate into the intestinal lumen, mainly by activation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) ion channel, resulting in increased intestinal fluid and accelerated transit. In animal models, plecanatide has been shown to increase fluid secretion into the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, accelerate intestinal transit, and cause changes in stool consistency. In an animal model of visceral pain, plecanatide reduced abdominal muscle contractions, a measure of intestinal pain. The mechanism has not been studied.
Food Effect Subjects who received either a low-fat, low calorie (LF-LC) meal or a high fat, high calorie (HF-HC) meal reported looser stools than fasted subjects up to 24 hours after a single dose of 9 mg (3 times the recommended dose). In clinical studies, Plecanatide was administered with or without food.
Plecanatide is metabolized in the GI tract to an active metabolite by loss of the terminal leucine moiety. Both plecanatide and the metabolite are proteolytically degraded within the intestinal lumen to smaller peptides and naturally occurring amino acids.
Single oral doses of plecanatide at 0.5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg caused mortality in young juvenile mice on postnatal days 7 and 14, respectively (human age equivalent of approximately 1 month to less than 2 years).
Thomas RH, Luthin DR: Current and emerging treatments for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation and chronic idiopathic constipation: focus on prosecretory agents. Pharmacotherapy. 2015 Jun;35(6):613-30. doi: 10.1002/phar.1594. Epub 2015 May 27. [PubMed:26016701]
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