Product Name

Fluticasone Propionate

CAS Number

80474-14-2

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Product Name:
Fluticasone Propionate
CAS Number:
80474-14-2
Indication:
Fluticasone propionate, a medium-potency synthetic corticosteroid, is used topically to relieve inflammatory and pruritic symptoms of dermatoses and psoriasis, intranasally to manage symptoms of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, and orally for the maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy and for patients requiring oral corticosteroid therapy for asthma.
Mode of Action:

Binds to the glucocorticoid receptor. Unbound corticosteroids cross the membranes of cells such as mast cells and eosinophils, binding with high affinity to glucocorticoid receptors (GR). The results include alteration of transcription and protein synthesis, a decreased release of leukocytic acid hydrolases, reduction in fibroblast proliferation, prevention of macrophage accumulation at inflamed sites, reduction of collagen deposition, interference with leukocyte adhesion to the capillary wall, reduction of capillary membrane permeability and subsequent edema, reduction of complement components, inhibition of histamine and kinin release, and interference with the formation of scar tissue. In the management of asthma, the glucocorticoid receptor complexes down-regulates proinflammatory mediators such as interleukin-(IL)-1, 3, and 5, and up-regulates anti-inflammatory mediators such as IkappaB [inhibitory molecule for nuclear factor kappaB1], IL-10, and IL-12. The antiinflammatory actions of corticosteroids are also thought to involve inhibition of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (through activation of lipocortin-1 (annexin)) which controls the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes.

Pharmacodynamics:

Fluticasone is an extremely potent vasoconstrictor and anti-inflammatory agent. Its effectiveness in inhaled forms is due to its direct local effect.

Metabolism:

Fluticasone propionate is metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P450 3A4-mediated hydrolysis of the 5-fluoromethyl carbothioate grouping. This transformation occurs in 1 metabolic step to produce the inactive 17-(beta)-carboxylic acid metabolite, the only known metabolite detected in man.

IUPAC:
S-(fluoromethyl)-6, 9-difluoro-11, 17-dihydroxy-16-methyl-3-oxoandrosta-1, 4-diene-17-carbothioate, 17-propionate
ATC:
D07AC17 D07AC04 R01AD08 R03BA05
PubChem:
5311101
DrugBank:
APRD00065
Formula:
C25H31F3O5S
Molecular Mass:
500.57
Synonyms:
Fluticasone propionate
SMILES:
CCC(=O)O[C@@]1([C@@H](C[C@@H]2[C@@]1(C[C@@H]([C@]3([C@H]2C[C@@H](C4=CC(=O)C=C[C@@]43C)F)F)O)C)C)C(=O)SCF
AHFS Code:
68:04.00 — Adrenals 52:08.00 — Anti-inflammatory Agents 84:06.00 — Anti-inflammatory Agents 52:08.08 — Corticosteroids
InChi:
1S/C25H31F3O5S/c1-5-20(31)33-25(21(32)34-12-26)13(2)8-15-16-10-18(27)17-9-14(29)6-7-22(17,3)24(16,28)19(30)11-23(15,25)4/h6-7,9,13,15-16,18-19,30H,5,8,10-12H2,1-4H3/t13-,15+,16+,18+,19+,22+,23+,24+,25+/m1/s1
General Reference:
General Reference:

1. Andersson O, Cassel TN, Gronneberg R, Bronnegard M, Stierna P, Nord M: In vivo modulation of glucocorticoid receptor mRNA by inhaled fluticasone propionate in bronchial mucosa and blood lymphocytes in subjects with mild asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Apr;103(4):595-600. [PubMed:10200007]
2. Lumry WR: A review of the preclinical and clinical data of newer intranasal steroids used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Oct;104(4 Pt 1):S150-8. [PubMed:10518812]
3. Zhang X, Moilanen E, Kankaanranta H: Beclomethasone, budesonide and fluticasone propionate inhibit human neutrophil apoptosis. Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Nov 23;431(3):365-71. [PubMed:11730731]
4. Hogger P, Rohdewald P: Binding kinetics of fluticasone propionate to the human glucocorticoid receptor. Steroids. 1994 Oct;59(10):597-602. [PubMed:7878687]
5. Johnson M: Fluticasone propionate: safety profile. Cutis. 1996 Feb;57(2 Suppl):10-2. [PubMed:8646863]
6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352]

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