• # LGM Pharma is a Clofarabine CAS# 123318-82-1 API supplier distributor based in the USA. Inquire about DMF, cGMP, price, availability, samples, sourcing, purity and more.
  • # Questions? Call our customer API support number 1-(800)-881-8210.
  • # LGM Pharma offers this active ingredient but not the finished dosage forms.
  • Inquire about this product >>

Product Details:

  • Product Name: Clofarabine
  • CAS #: 123318-82-1
  • Mode of Action:

    Clofarabine is metabolized intracellularly to the active 5'-monophosphate metabolite by deoxycytidine kinase and 5'-triphosphate metabolite by mono- and di-phospho-kinases. This metabolite inhibits DNA synthesis through an inhibitory action on ribonucleotide reductase, and by terminating DNA chain elongation and inhibiting repair through competitive inhibition of DNA polymerases. This leads to the depletion of the intracellular deoxynucleotide triphosphate pool and the self-potentiation of clofarabine triphosphate incorporation into DNA, thereby intensifying the effectiveness of DNA synthesis inhibition. The affinity of clofarabine triphosphate for these enzymes is similar to or greater than that of deoxyadenosine triphosphate. In preclinical models, clofarabine has demonstrated the ability to inhibit DNA repair by incorporation into the DNA chain during the repair process. Clofarabine 5'-triphosphate also disrupts the integrity of mitochondrial membrane, leading to the release of the pro-apoptotic mitochondrial proteins, cytochrome C and apoptosis-inducing factor, leading to programmed cell death.

  • Pharmacodynamics:

    Clofarabine is a purine nucleoside antimetabolite that differs from other puring nucleoside analogs by the presence of a chlorine in the purine ring and a flourine in the ribose moiety. Clofarabine seems to interfere with the growth of cancer cells, which are eventually destroyed. Since the growth of normal body cells may also be affected by clofarabine, other effects also occur. Clofarabine prevents cells from making DNA and RNA by interfering with the synthesis of nucleic acids, thus stopping the growth of cancer cells.

  • Metabolism:

    Clofarabine is sequentially metabolized intracellularly to the 5ê-monophosphate metabolite by deoxycytidine kinase and mono- and di-phosphokinases to the active 5ê-triphosphate metabolite. Clofarabine has high affinity for the activating phosphorylating enzyme, deoxycytidine kinase, equal to or greater than that of the natural substrate, deoxycytidine.

  • Toxicity:

    There were no known overdoses of clofarabine. The highest daily dose administered to a human to date (on a mg/m2 basis) has been 70 mg/m2/day _ 5 days (2 pediatric ALL patients). The toxicities included in these 2 patients included grade 4 hyperbilirubinemia, grade 2 and 3 vomiting, and grade 3 maculopapular rash.

  • IUPAC: (2R, 3R, 4S, 5R)-5-(6-amino-2-chloro-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-fluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-3-ol
  • ATC: L01BB06
  • PubChem: 119182
  • DrugBank: DB00631 (APRD00878, DB07554)
  • Formula: C6332H9808N1678O1989S42
  • Molecular Mass: 303.677
  • SMILES: NC1=C2N=CN([C@@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]3F)C2=NC(Cl)=N1
  • General Reference:


    1. Pession A, Masetti R, Kleinschmidt K, Martoni A: Use of clofarabine for acute childhood leukemia. Biologics. 2010 Jun 24;4:111-8. Pubmed
    2. Harned TM, Gaynon PS: Treating refractory leukemias in childhood, role of clofarabine. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008 Apr;4(2):327-36. Pubmed
    3. Lech-Maranda E, Korycka A, Robak T: Clofarabine as a novel nucleoside analogue approved to treat patients with haematological malignancies: mechanism of action and clinical activity. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2009 Jun;9(7):805-12. Pubmed
    4. Larson ML, Venugopal P: Clofarabine: a new treatment option for patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009 Jun;10(8):1353-7. Pubmed
    5. Zhenchuk A, Lotfi K, Juliusson G, Albertioni F: Mechanisms of anti-cancer action and pharmacology of clofarabine. Biochem Pharmacol. 2009 Dec 1;78(11):1351-9. Epub 2009 Jul 1. Pubmed


Products currently covered by valid US Patents are offered for R&D use in accordance with 35 USC 271(e)+A13(1). Any patent infringement and resulting liability is solely at buyer risk.

API’s From Quality Manufacturers:

  • Streamlined API supply towards initial research stages as well as larger quantities of cGMP material for clinical trials and product commercialization
  • Premium quality GMP certified and fully accredited API manufacturing plants


  • Technical packages as well as access to filed DMF,
    ASMF or CEP (subject to availability)
  • Regulatory and technical assistance towards any
    submission type based on specific customer requirements

LGM Pharma Acquires CDMO

On July 27, 2020, LGM Pharma announced its acquisition of the formulation development and drug product contract manufacturing business of Nexgen Pharma, Inc. As a result, you will notice our new logo and visuals throughout the website. We’re working on updates to reflect the exciting, expanded CDMO capabilities and services we now can offer you.

This website uses cookies. By using our site, you agree to our terms of service