Carisoprodol is a central nervous system depressant that acts as a sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant. Rather than acting directly on skeletal muscle, carisoprodol interrupts neuronal communication within the reticular formation and spinal cord, resulting in sedation and alteration in pain perception. Its exact mechanism of action is not yet known.
Carisoprodol is used as a skeletal muscle relaxant. One of its metabolites, meprobamate, is available as an anxiolytic agent.
Hepatic. Metabolized in the liver via the cytochrome P450 oxidase isozyme CYP2C19.
Symptoms of overdose include drowsiness, giddiness, nausea, indigestion, or rash. Other adverse effects attributed to therapeutic use of carisoprodol include dizziness, irritability, insomnia, diplopia, temporary loss of vision, ataxia, weakness, headache, and dysarthria. Non-CNS adverse effects include gastrointestinal complaints, tachycardia, and postural hypotension. Patients sensitive to sulfites or tartrazine may experience wheezing, allergic rashes including erythema multiforme, or anaphylaxis after using some preparations of carisoprodol which contain such additives