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Acamprosate

CAS No:
77337-76-9 Category:
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Product Details:

  • Product Name: Acamprosate
  • CAS #: 77337-76-9
  • Mode of Action:

    The mechanism of action of acamprosate in maintenance of alcohol abstinence is not completely understood. Chronic alcohol exposure is hypothesized to alter the normal balance between neuronal excitation and inhibition. in vitro and in vivo studies in animals have provided evidence to suggest acamprosate may interact with glutamate and GABA neurotransmitter systems centrally, and has led to the hypothesis that acamprosate restores this balance. It seems to inhibit NMDA receptors while activating GABA receptors.

  • Pharmacodynamics:

    Pharmacodynamic studies have shown that acamprosate calcium reduces alcohol intake in alcohol-dependent animals in a dose-dependent manner and that this effect appears to be specific to alcohol and the mechanisms of alcohol dependence. Acamprosate calcium has negligible observable central nervous system (CNS) activity in animals outside of its effects on alcohol dependence, exhibiting no anticonvulsant, antidepressant, or anxiolytic activity.

  • Metabolism:

    Acamprosate does not undergo metabolism.

  • Toxicity:

    In all reported cases of acute overdosage with acamprosate (total reported doses of up to 56 grams of acamprosate calcium), the only symptom that could be reasonably associated with acamprosate was diarrhea.

  • IUPAC: 3-acetamidopropane-1-sulfonic acid
  • ATC: N07BB03
  • PubChem: 71158
  • DrugBank: DB00659
  • Formula: C5-H11-N-O4-S
  • Molecular Mass: 181.2109
  • Synonyms: Acamprosate, Acamprosato, Acamprosato [INN-Spanish], Acamprosatum, Acamprosatum [INN-Latin], EINECS 278-667-4, HSDB 7358, N-Acetylhomotaurine, UNII-N4K14YGM3J
  • SMILES: OS(=O)(=O)CCCNC(=O)C
  • AHFS Code: 29:32:00
  • InChl: 1S/C5H11NO4S/c1-5(7)6-3-2-4-11(8,9)10/h2-4H2,1H3,(H,6,7)(H,8,9,10)
  • General Reference:

    1. Williams SH: Medications for treating alcohol dependence. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Nov 1;72(9):1775-80. Pubmed
    2. Mason BJ: Treatment of alcohol-dependent outpatients with acamprosate: a clinical review. J Clin Psychiatry. 2001;62 Suppl 20:42-8. Pubmed
    3. Mason BJ, Goodman AM, Chabac S, Lehert P: Effect of oral acamprosate on abstinence in patients with alcohol dependence in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial: the role of patient motivation. J Psychiatr Res. 2006 Aug;40(5):383-93. Epub 2006 Mar 20. Pubmed
    4. Feeney GF, Connor JP, Young RM, Tucker J, McPherson A: Combined acamprosate and naltrexone, with cognitive behavioural therapy is superior to either medication alone for alcohol abstinence: a single centres’ experience with pharmacotherapy. Alcohol Alcohol. 2006 May-Jun;41(3):321-7. Epub 2006 Feb 8. Pubmed
    5. Tsai G, Coyle JT: The role of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the pathophysiology of alcoholism. Annu Rev Med. 1998;49:173-84. Pubmed
    6. Wilde MI, Wagstaff AJ: Acamprosate. A review of its pharmacology and clinical potential in the management of alcohol dependence after detoxification. Drugs. 1997 Jun;53(6):1038-53. Pubmed

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