Trichlormethiazide

CAS No:
133-67-5 Category:
  • #LGM Pharma is a Trichlormethiazide CAS# 133-67-5 API supplier distributor based in the USA. Inquire about DMF, cGMP, price, availability, delivery, purity, and more.
  • #Questions? Call our customer API support number 1-(800)-881-8210.
  • #LGM Pharma offers this active ingredient but not the finished dosage forms.

Product Details:

  • CAS No: 133-67-5
  • AHFC code:
  • Synonyms:
  • ATC Code: C03AA06
  • Chemical Formula: C20H27NO3
  • Molecular Weight: 380.656
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB01021 (APRD00031)
  • SMILES: NS(=O)(=O)C1=C(Cl)C=C2NC(NS(=O)(=O)C2=C1)C(Cl)Cl
  • InChl: LMJSLTNSBFUCMU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • PubChem: 5560
  • IUPAC: 6-chloro-3-(dichloromethyl)-1,1-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1$l^{6},2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide

Additional Details

Indication:
Used in the treatment of oedema (including that associated with heart failure) and hypertension.
Pharmacodynamics:
Trichloromethiazide is indicated as adjunctive therapy in edema associated with congestive heart failure, hepatic cirrhosis, and corticosteroid and estrogen therapy. Trichloromethiazide has also been found useful in edema due to various forms of renal dysfunction such as nephrotic syndrome, acute glomer-ulonephritis, and chronic renal failure. Trichloromethiazide is also indicated in the management of hypertension either as the sole therapeutic agent or to enhance the effectiveness of other antihypertensive drugs in the more severe forms of hypertension. Like other thiazides, Trichloromethiazide promotes water loss from the body (diuretics). They inhibit Na+/Cl- reabsorption from the distal convoluted tubules in the kidneys. Thiazides also cause loss of potassium and an increase in serum uric acid. Thiazides are often used to treat hypertension, but their hypotensive effects are not necessarily due to their diuretic activity. Thiazides have been shown to prevent hypertension-related morbidity and mortality although the mechanism is not fully understood. Thiazides cause vasodilation by activating calcium-activated potassium channels (large conductance) in vascular smooth muscles and inhibiting various carbonic anhydrases in vascular tissue.
Mode of Action:
Trichlormethiazide appears to block the active reabsorption of chloride and possibly sodium in the ascending loop of Henle, altering electrolyte transfer in the proximal tubule. This results in excretion of sodium, chloride, and water and, hence, diuresis. As a diuretic, Trichloromethiazide inhibits active chloride reabsorption at the early distal tubule via the Na-Cl cotransporter, resulting in an increase in the excretion of sodium, chloride, and water. Thiazides like Trichloromethiazide also inhibit sodium ion transport across the renal tubular epithelium through binding to the thiazide sensitive sodium-chloride transporter. This results in an increase in potassium excretion via the sodium-potassium exchange mechanism. The antihypertensive mechanism of Trichloromethiazide is less well understood although it may be mediated through its action on carbonic anhydrases in the smooth muscle or through its action on the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (KCa) channel, also found in the smooth muscle.
Metabolism:
Toxicity:
Oral Rat LD50 = 5600 mg/kg, oral Mouse LD50 = 2600 mg/kg
General Reference:
Products currently covered by valid US Patents are offered for R&D use in accordance with 35 USC 271(e)+A13(1). Any patent infringement and resulting liability is solely at buyer risk.

API’s From Quality Manufacturers:

  • Cost effective materials based on specific requirements
  • Small quantities for initial research and larger development quantities towards product commercialization

 

  • Technical packages, letters of access to filed DMFs
  • Complete assistance in any regulatory filings
  • Top quality GMP certified manufacturers
  • Have necessary regulatory credentials

 

Related YouTube Videos