Tocainide

CAS No:
41708-72-9 Category:
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Product Details:

  • CAS No: 41708-72-9
  • AHFC code:
  • Synonyms: Tocainida [INN-Spanish] Tocainidum [INN-Latin]
  • ATC Code: C01BB03
  • Chemical Formula: C10H12N2
  • Molecular Weight: 192.2575
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB01056 (APRD01266)
  • SMILES: CC(N)C(=O)NC1=C(C)C=CC=C1C
  • InChl: BUJAGSGYPOAWEI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • PubChem: 38945
  • IUPAC: 2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)propanamide

Additional Details

Indication:
For the treatment of documented ventricular arrhythmias, such as sustained ventricular tachycardia, that, in the judgment of the physician, are life-threatening.
Pharmacodynamics:
Tocainide is a primary amine analog of lidocaine with antiarrhythmic properties useful in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias. Tocainide, like lidocaine, produces dose dependent decreases in sodium and potassium conductance, thereby decreasing the excitability of myocardial cells. In experimental animal models, the dose-related depression of sodium current is more pronounced in ischemic tissue than in normal tissue. Tocainide is a Class I antiarrhythmic compound with electrophysiologic properties in man similar to those of lidocaine, but dissimilar from quinidine, procainamide, and disopyramide.
Mode of Action:
Tocainide acts on sodium channels on the neuronal cell membrane, limiting the spread of seizure activity and reducing seizure propagation. Tocainide binds preferentially to the inactive state of the sodium channels.The antiarrhythmic actions are mediated through effects on sodium channels in Purkinje fibers.
Metabolism:
Negligible first pass hepatic degradation. No active metabolites have been found.
Toxicity:
The oral LD50 of tocainide was calculated to be about 800 mg/kg in mice, 1000 mg/kg in rats, and 230 mg/kg in guinea pigs; deaths were usually preceded by convulsions.
General Reference:
Products currently covered by valid US Patents are offered for R&D use in accordance with 35 USC 271(e)+A13(1). Any patent infringement and resulting liability is solely at buyer risk.

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