Reserpine is an adrenergic blocking agent used to treat mild to moderate hypertension via the disruption of norepinephrine vesicular storage. The antihypertensive actions of Reserpine are a result of its ability to deplete catecholamines from peripheral sympathetic nerve endings. These substances are normally involved in controlling heart rate, force of cardiac contraction and peripheral resistance.
Mode of Action:
Reserpine's mechanism of action is through inhibition of the ATP/Mg2+ pump responsible for the sequestering of neurotransmitters into storage vesicles located in the presynaptic neuron. The neurotransmitters that are not sequestered in the storage vesicle are readily metabolized by monoamine oxidase (MAO) causing a reduction in catecholamines.
Possible human carcinogen. May cause reproductive harm. ORL-RAT LD50 420 mg/kg; IPR-RAT LD50 44 mg/kg; IVN-RAT LD50 15 mg/kg; ORL-MUS LD50 200 mg/kg; SCU-MUS LD50 52 mg/kg; IPR-RBT LD50 7 mg/kg
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