Luliconazole is indicated in adults aged 18 years and older for the topical treatment of fungal infections caused by Trichophyton rubrum and Epidermophyton floccosum, specifically tinea pedis, cruris, and corporis.
Luliconazole kills the organisms Trichophyton rubrum and Epidermophyton floccosum, most likely by altering their fungal cell membranes.
Mode of Action:
The exact mechanism of action for luliconazole’s anti-fungal activity is still not known, but luliconazole is thought to inhibit the enzyme lanosterol demethylase. Lanosterol demethylase is needed for the synthesis of ergosterol, which is a major component of the fungus cell membranes.
The metabolism of luliconazole has yet to be determined.
In clinical trials, no serious toxicity was reported, only local irritation (mild contact dermatitis and cellulitis) at the site of application was found.
Niwano Y, Kuzuhara N, Kodama H, Yoshida M, Miyazaki T, Yamaguchi H: In vitro and in vivo antidermatophyte activities of NND-502, a novel optically active imidazole antimycotic agent. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Apr;42(4):967-70. PubmedUchida K, Nishiyama Y, Yamaguchi H: In vitro antifungal activity of luliconazole (NND-502), a novel imidazole antifungal agent. J Infect Chemother. 2004 Aug;10(4):216-9. PubmedLexicomp.FDA label.
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