Treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea
The minimum inhibitory concentration for 90% of organisms for fidaxomicin against C. difficile is 0.9978 to 2 µg/mL.
Mode of Action:
Fidaxomicin is a bactericidal-type antibiotic that inhibits RNA polymerase sigma subunit. RNA polymerase is responsible for transcription in the bacteria therefore fidaxomicin will inhibit protein synthesis. As a result, apoptosis is triggered in susceptible organisms such as C. difficile.
Fidaxomicin is hydrolyzed by gastric acid or intestinal microsomes into a less active metabolite (OP-1118). The cytochrome enzyme system are not involved in the metabolism of fidaxomicin.
Artsimovitch I, Seddon J, Sears P: Fidaxomicin is an inhibitor of the initiation of bacterial RNA synthesis. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Aug;55 Suppl 2:S127-31. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis358. PubmedCrawford T, Huesgen E, Danziger L: Fidaxomicin: a novel macrocyclic antibiotic for the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2012 Jun 1;69(11):933-43. doi: 10.2146/ajhp110371. Pubmed
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