Erlotinib

  • #LGM Pharma is a Erlotinib CAS# 183321-74-6 API supplier distributor based in the USA. Inquire about DMF, cGMP, price, availability, delivery, purity, and more.
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  • #LGM Pharma offers this active ingredient but not the finished dosage forms.

Product Details:

  • CAS No: 183321-74-6
  • AHFC code:
  • Synonyms:
  • ATC Code: L01XE03
  • Chemical Formula: C22-H23-N3-O4
  • Molecular Weight: 393.436
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB00530 (APRD00951)
  • SMILES: n1cnc(c2cc(c(cc12)OCCOC)OCCOC)Nc1cc(ccc1)C#C
  • InChl: 1S/C22H23N3O4/c1-4-16-6-5-7-17(12-16)25-22-18-13-20(28-10-8-26-2)21(29-11-9-27-3)14-19(18)23-15-24-22/h1,5-7,12-15H,8-11H2,2-3H3,(H,23,24,25)
  • PubChem: 176870
  • IUPAC: 4-Quinazolinamine, N-(3-ethynylphenyl)-6,7-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)-

Additional Details

Indication:
For the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of at least one prior chemotherapy regimen. Also for use, in combination with gemcitabine, as the first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Pharmacodynamics:
Mode of Action:
The mechanism of clinical antitumor action of erlotinib is not fully characterized. Erlotinib inhibits the intracellular phosphorylation of tyrosine kinase associated with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Specificity of inhibition with regard to other tyrosine kinase receptors has not been fully characterized. EGFR is expressed on the cell surface of normal cells and cancer cells.
Metabolism:
Metabolism occurs in the liver. In vitro assays of cytochrome P450 metabolism showed that erlotinib is metabolized primarily by CYP3A4 and to a lesser extent by CYP1A2, and the extrahepatic isoform CYP1A1.
Toxicity:
Symptoms of overdose include diarrhea, rash, and liver transaminase elevation. The most common adverse reactions (>50%) in NSCLC are rash, diarrhea, anorexia and fatigue. The most common adverse reactions (>50%) in pancreatic cancer are fatigue, rash, nausea and anorexia.
General Reference:
Raymond E, Faivre S, Armand JP: Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase as a target for anticancer therapy. Drugs. 2000;60 Suppl 1:15-23; discussion 41-2. PubmedLi Z, Xu M, Xing S, Ho WT, Ishii T, Li Q, Fu X, Zhao ZJ: Erlotinib effectively inhibits JAK2V617F activity and polycythemia vera cell growth. J Biol Chem. 2007 Feb 9;282(6):3428-32. Epub 2006 Dec 18. PubmedDudek AZ, Kmak KL, Koopmeiners J, Keshtgarpour M: Skin rash and bronchoalveolar histology correlates with clinical benefit in patients treated with gefitinib as a therapy for previously treated advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. Lung Cancer. 2006 Jan;51(1):89-96. Epub 2005 Nov 14. PubmedJones HE, Goddard L, Gee JM, Hiscox S, Rubini M, Barrow D, Knowlden JM, Williams S, Wakeling AE, Nicholson RI: Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor signalling and acquired resistance to gefitinib (ZD1839; Iressa) in human breast and prostate cancer cells. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2004 Dec;11(4):793-814. PubmedBlum G, Gazit A, Levitzki A: Substrate competitive inhibitors of IGF-1 receptor kinase. Biochemistry. 2000 Dec 26;39(51):15705-12. Pubmed
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