LGM Pharma is a Cyclosporine CAS# 59865-13-3 API supplier distributor based in the USA. Inquire about DMF, cGMP, price, availability, delivery, purity, and more.
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LGM Pharma offers this active ingredient but not the finished dosage forms.
CAS No: 59865-13-3
AHFC code: 32:00.0
Synonyms: Ciclosporin Cyclosporin Cyclosporin A
ATC Code: L04AD01 S01XA18
Chemical Formula: C22H26ClN7O2S
Molecular Weight: 1202.6112
Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
DrugBank: DB00091 (BIOD00003, BTD00003)
For treatment of transplant rejection, rheumatoid arthritis, severe psoriasis
Used in immunosuppression for prophylactic treatment of organ transplants, cyclosporine exerts specific and reversible inhibition of immunocompetent lymphocytes in the G0-or G1-phase of the cell cycle. T-lymphocytes are preferentially inhibited. The T1-helper cell is the main target, although the T1-suppressor cell may also be suppressed. Sandimmune (cyclosporine) also inhibits lymphokine production and release including interleukin-2.
Mode of Action:
Cyclosporine binds to cyclophilin. The complex then inhibits calcineurin which is normally responsible for activating transcription of interleukin 2. Cyclosporine also inhibits lymphokine production and interleukin release. In ophthalmic applications, the precise mechanism of action is not known. Cyclosporine emulsion is thought to act as a partial immunomodulator in patients whose tear production is presumed to be suppressed due to ocular inflammation associated with keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
Hepatic, extensively metabolized.
The oral LD50 is 2329 mg/kg in mice, 1480 mg/kg in rats, and > 1000 mg/kg in rabbits. The I.V. LD50 is 148 mg/kg in mice, 104 mg/kg in rats, and 46 mg/kg in rabbits.
Lichtiger S, Present DH, Kornbluth A, Gelernt I, Bauer J, Galler G, Michelassi F, Hanauer S: Cyclosporine in severe ulcerative colitis refractory to steroid therapy. N Engl J Med. 1994 Jun 30;330(26):1841-5. Pubmed Synthesis Information Link Pubmed
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