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Product Details:

  • CAS No: 130-26-7
  • AHFC code:
  • Synonyms: 5-Chlor-7-jod-8-hydroxy-chinolin [German] 5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline 5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol 5-Chloro-7-iodoquinolin-8-ol 5-Chloro-8-hydroxy-7-iodoquinoline 7-Iodo-5-chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 7-Iodo-5-chloroxine Caswell No. 193 Chloro-8-hydroxyiodoquinoline Chloroiodoquin Chloroiodoquine Cliochinolo [dcit] Clioquinolum [inn-latin] IODO Iodochlorhydroxyquin Iodochlorhydroxyquinol Iodochlorhydroxyquinoline Iodochlorohydroxyquin Iodochlorohydroxyquinoline Iodochloroquine Iodochloroxine Iodochloroxychinolinum Iodochloroxyquinoline Iodoxyquinoline Jodchloroxychinolinum
  • ATC Code: P01AA02 D08AH30 S02AA05 G01AC02 D09AA10
  • Chemical Formula: C6H10N6O
  • Molecular Weight: 305.5
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB04815
  • SMILES: OC1=C(I)C=C(Cl)C2=C1N=CC=C2
  • InChl: QCDFBFJGMNKBDO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • PubChem: 2788
  • IUPAC: 5-chloro-7-iodoquinolin-8-ol

Additional Details

Indication:
Used as a topical antifungal treatment.
Pharmacodynamics:
Clioquinol is a broad-spectrum antibacterial with antifungal properties. Application of clioquinol to extensive or eroded areas of the skin may lead to increased protein-bound iodine (PBI) levels within 1 week. In addition, elevated PBI levels may occur when relatively small areas of the skin are treated with clioquinol for more than 1 week.
Mode of Action:
Clioquinol is bacteriostatic, however, the precise mechanism of its action is unknown.
Metabolism:
Toxicity:
General Reference:
Rohde W, Mikelens P, Jackson J, Blackman J, Whitcher J, Levinson W: Hydroxyquinolines inhibit ribonucleic acid-dependent deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase and inactivate Rous sarcoma virus and herpes simplex virus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1976 Aug;10(2):234-40. Pubmed GHOLZ LM, ARONS WL: PROPHYLAXIS AND THERAPY OF AMEBIASIS AND SHIGELLOSIS WITH IODOCHLORHYDROXYQUIN. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1964 May;13:396-401. Pubmed Kager PA: [Outbreak of amoebiasis in a Dutch family; tropics unexpectedly nearby] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2005 Jan 1;149(1):51-2; author reply 52-3. Pubmed Bosman DK, Benninga MA, van de Berg P, Kooijman GC, van Gool T: [Dientamoeba fragilis: possibly an important cause of persistent abdominal pain in children] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2004 Mar 20;148(12):575-9. Pubmed Masters DK, Hopkins AD: Therapeutic trial of four amoebicide regimes in rural Zaire. J Trop Med Hyg. 1979 May;82(5):99-101. Pubmed
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