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Product Details:

  • CAS No: 15663-27-1
  • AHFC code: 10:00.0
  • Synonyms: Cis-DDP Cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum Platinum Ammine Chloride Trans-DDP
  • ATC Code: L01XA01
  • Chemical Formula: C17H24O3
  • Molecular Weight: 300.051
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB00515 (APRD00359)
  • SMILES: N[Pt](N)(Cl)Cl
  • InChl: LXZZYRPGZAFOLE-UHFFFAOYSA-L
  • PubChem: 84691
  • IUPAC: dichloroplatinumdiamine

Additional Details

Indication:
For the treatment of metastatic testicular tumors, metastatic ovarian tumors and advanced bladder cancer.
Pharmacodynamics:
Cisplatin is an antineoplastic in the class of alkylating agents and is used to treat various forms of cancer. Alkylating agents are so named because of their ability to add alkyl groups to many electronegative groups under conditions present in cells. They stop tumor growth by cross-linking guanine bases in DNA double-helix strands – directly attacking DNA. This makes the strands unable to uncoil and separate. As this is necessary in DNA replication, the cells can no longer divide. In addition, these drugs add methyl or other alkyl groups onto molecules where they do not belong which in turn inhibits their correct utilization by base pairing and causes a miscoding of DNA. Alkylating agents are cell cycle-nonspecific. Alkylating agents work by three different mechanisms all of which achieve the same end result – disruption of DNA function and cell death.
Mode of Action:
Alkylating agents work by three different mechanisms: 1) attachment of alkyl groups to DNA bases, resulting in the DNA being fragmented by repair enzymes in their attempts to replace the alkylated bases, preventing DNA synthesis and RNA transcription from the affected DNA, 2) DNA damage via the formation of cross-links (bonds between atoms in the DNA) which prevents DNA from being separated for synthesis or transcription, and 3) the induction of mispairing of the nucleotides leading to mutations.
Metabolism:
Toxicity:
General Reference:
Products currently covered by valid US Patents are offered for R&D use in accordance with 35 USC 271(e)+A13(1). Any patent infringement and resulting liability is solely at buyer risk.

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