LGM Pharma is a Chlorpropamide CAS# 94-20-2 API supplier distributor based in the USA. Inquire about DMF, cGMP, price, availability, delivery, purity, and more.
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LGM Pharma offers this active ingredient but not the finished dosage forms.
CAS No: 94-20-2
AHFC code: 08:20.2
ATC Code: A10BB02
Chemical Formula: C10H12ClN5O3
Molecular Weight: 276.74
Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
DrugBank: DB00672 (APRD00029)
For treatment of NIDDM in conjunction with diet and exercise.
Chlorpropamide, a second-generation sulfonylurea antidiabetic agent, is used with diet to lower blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes mellitus type II. Chlorpropamide is twice as potent as the related second-generation agent glipizide.
Mode of Action:
Sulfonylureas such as chlorpropamide bind to ATP-sensitive potassium channels on the pancreatic cell surface, reducing potassium conductance and causing depolarization of the membrane. Depolarization stimulates calcium ion influx through voltage-sensitive calcium channels, raising intracellular concentrations of calcium ions, which induces the secretion, or exocytosis, of insulin.
Up to 80% of dose is metabolized likely through the liver to to 2-hydroxylchlorpropamide (2-OH CPA), p-chlorobenzenesulfonylurea (CBSU), 3-hydroxylchlorpropamide (3-OH CPA), and p-chlorobenzenesulfonamide (CBSA); CBSA may be produced by decomposition in urine. It is unknown whether chlorpropamide metabolites exert hypoglycemic effects.
IPN-RAT LD50 580 mg/kg
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