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Product Details:

  • CAS No: 1032900-25-6
  • AHFC code: 10:00
  • Synonyms: Ceritinib, LDK 378, LDK-378, LDK378, NVP-LDK378-NX, UNII-K418KG2GET, Zykadia
  • ATC Code: L01XE28
  • Chemical Formula: C28H36ClN5O3S
  • Molecular Weight: 558.135
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB09063
  • SMILES: Cc1cc(c(cc1C2CCNCC2)OC(C)C)Nc3ncc(c(n3)Nc4ccccc4S(=O)(=O)C(C)C)Cl
  • InChl: 1S/C28H36ClN5O3S/c1-17(2)37-25-15-21(20-10-12-30-13-11-20)19(5)14-24(25)33-28-31-16-22(29)27(34-28)32-23-8-6-7-9-26(23)38(35,36)18(3)4/h6-9,14-18,20,30H,10-13H2,1-5H3,(H2,31,32,33,34)
  • PubChem: 57379345
  • IUPAC: 2,4-Pyrimidinediamine, 5-chloro-N4-(2-((1-methylethyl)sulfonyl)phenyl)-N2-(5-methyl-2-(1-methylethoxy)-4-(4-piperidinyl)phenyl)-

Additional Details

Indication:
Ceritinib is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed on or are intolerant to crizotinib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. An improvement in survival or disease-related symptoms has not been established. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.
Pharmacodynamics:
Mode of Action:
Ceritinib inhibits Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) also known as ALK tyrosine kinase receptor or CD246 (cluster of differentiation 246), which is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALK gene. About 4-5% of NSCLCs have a chromosomal rearrangement that generates a fusion gene between EML4 (echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4) and ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase), which results in constitutive kinase activity that contributes to carcinogenesis and seems to drive the malignant phenotype. Ceritinib exerts its therapeutic effect by inhibiting autophosphorylation of ALK, ALK-mediated phosphorylation of the downstream signaling protein STAT3, and proliferation of ALK-dependent cancer cells. Ceritinib has been shown to inhibit in vitro proliferation of cell lines expressing EML4-ALK and NPM-ALK fusion proteins and demonstrated dose-dependent inhibition of EML4-ALK-positive NSCLC xenograft growth in mice and rats.
Metabolism:
In vitro studies demonstrated that CYP3A was the major enzyme involved in the metabolic clearance of ceritinib. Following oral administration of a single 750 mg radiolabeled ceritinib dose, ceritinib as the parent compound was the main circulating component (82%) in human plasma.
Toxicity:
There is not currently any data on carcinogenicity, effect on human fertility, or on early embryonic development. However, based on its mechanism of action, ceritinib may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women and should therefore be administered with effective contraception during treatment. Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain occurred in 96% of 255 patients including severe cases in 14% of patients. Drug-induced hepatotoxicity also occurred in 27% of 255 patients, presenting as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels greater than 5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Severe, life-threatening, or fatal interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis, hyperglycaemia, and bradycardia have also been reported.
General Reference:
Shaw AT, Kim DW, Mehra R, Tan DS, Felip E, Chow LQ, Camidge DR, Vansteenkiste J, Sharma S, De Pas T, Riely GJ, Solomon BJ, Wolf J, Thomas M, Schuler M, Liu G, Santoro A, Lau YY, Goldwasser M, Boral AL, Engelman JA: Ceritinib in ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2014 Mar 27;370(13):1189-97. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1311107. [PubMed:24670165 ] Nishio M, Murakami H, Horiike A, Takahashi T, Hirai F, Suenaga N, Tajima T, Tokushige K, Ishii M, Boral A, Robson M, Seto T: Phase I Study of Ceritinib (LDK378) in Japanese Patients with Advanced, Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Rearranged Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer or Other Tumors. J Thorac Oncol. 2015 Jul;10(7):1058-66. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000566. [PubMed:26020125 ] Galkin AV, Melnick JS, Kim S, Hood TL, Li N, Li L, Xia G, Steensma R, Chopiuk G, Jiang J, Wan Y, Ding P, Liu Y, Sun F, Schultz PG, Gray NS, Warmuth M: Identification of NVP-TAE684, a potent, selective, and efficacious inhibitor of NPM-ALK. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jan 2;104(1):270-5. Epub 2006 Dec 21. [PubMed:17185414 ] Marsilje TH, Pei W, Chen B, Lu W, Uno T, Jin Y, Jiang T, Kim S, Li N, Warmuth M, Sarkisova Y, Sun F, Steffy A, Pferdekamper AC, Li AG, Joseph SB, Kim Y, Liu B, Tuntland T, Cui X, Gray NS, Steensma R, Wan Y, Jiang J, Chopiuk G, Li J, Gordon WP, Richmond W, Johnson K, Chang J, Groessl T, He YQ, Phimister A, Aycinena A, Lee CC, Bursulaya B, Karanewsky DS, Seidel HM, Harris JL, Michellys PY: Synthesis, structure-activity relationships, and in vivo efficacy of the novel potent and selective anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor 5-chloro-N2-(2-isopropoxy-5-methyl-4-(piperidin-4-yl)phenyl)-N4-(2-(isopropylsulf onyl)phenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine (LDK378) currently in phase 1 and phase 2 clinical trials. J Med Chem. 2013 Jul 25;56(14):5675-90. doi: 10.1021/jm400402q. Epub 2013 Jun 26. [PubMed:23742252 ] Mano H: The EML4-ALK oncogene: targeting an essential growth driver in human cancer. Proc Jpn Acad Ser B Phys Biol Sci. 2015;91(5):193-201. doi: 10.2183/pjab.91.193. [PubMed:25971657 ]
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