Treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. Bacterial isolates that are susceptible to besifloxacin include: CDC coryneform group G; Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum; Corynebacterium striatum; Haemophilus influenzae; Moraxella lacunata; Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus epidermidis; Staphylococcus hominis; Staphylococcus lugdunensis; Streptococcus mitis group; Streptococcus oralis; Streptococcus pneumoniae; Streptococcus salivarius*
Pharmacodynamics: Besifloxacin tear concentrations were higher than MIC90 (minimum inhibitory concentration) values for common bacterial pathogens and sustained for 24 hours or longer. Mean residence time in the conjunctiva was 4.7 hours.
Mode of Action: Besifloxacin is a bactericidal fluroquinolone-type antibiotic that inhibits bacterial enzymes, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. By inhibiting DNA gyrase, DNA replication, transcription, and repair is impaired. By inhibiting topoisomerase IV, decatenation during cell devision is impaired. Inhibiting these two targets also slows down development of resistance.
O’Brien TP: Besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension, 0.6%: a novel topical fluoroquinolone for bacterial conjunctivitis. Adv Ther. 2012 Jun;29(6):473-90. doi: 10.1007/s12325-012-0027-7. Epub 2012 Jun 20. [PubMed:22729919 ]
Proksch JW, Granvil CP, Siou-Mermet R, Comstock TL, Paterno MR, Ward KW: Ocular pharmacokinetics of besifloxacin following topical administration to rabbits, monkeys, and humans. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Aug;25(4):335-44. doi: 10.1089/jop.2008.0116. [PubMed:19492955 ]
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