Acitretin

CAS No:
55079-83-9 Category:
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Product Details:

  • CAS No: 55079-83-9
  • AHFC code: 84:92.00
  • Synonyms: Acetretin
  • ATC Code: D05BB02
  • Chemical Formula: C16H24N10O4
  • Molecular Weight: 326.4293
  • Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
  • DrugBank: DB00459 (APRD00778)
  • SMILES: COC1=C(C)C(C)=C(C=CC(C)=CC=CC(C)=CC(O)=O)C(C)=C1
  • InChl: IHUNBGSDBOWDMA-AQFIFDHZSA-N
  • PubChem: 6437841
  • IUPAC: (2E,4E,6E,8E)-9-(4-methoxy-2,3,6-trimethylphenyl)-3,7-dimethylnona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid

Additional Details

Indication:
For the treatment of severe psoriasis in adults.
Pharmacodynamics:
Acitretin is a retinoid. Retinoids have a structure similar to vitamin A and are involved in the normal growth of skin cells. Acitretin works by inhibiting the excessive cell growth and keratinisation (process by which skin cells become thickened due to the deposition of a protein within them) seen in psoriasis. It therefore reduces the thickening of the skin, plaque formation and scaling.
Mode of Action:
The mechanism of action of acitretin is unknown, however it is believed to work by targeting specific receptors (retinoid receptors such as RXR and RAR) in the skin which help normalize the growth cycle of skin cells.
Metabolism:
Following oral absorption, acitretin undergoes extensive metabolism and interconversion by simple isomerization to its 13-cis form (cis-acitretin). Both parent compound and isomer are further metabolized into chain-shortened breakdown products and conjugates, which are excreted.
Toxicity:
Oral, rat: LD50 = >4000 mg/kg. Symptoms of overdose include headache and vertigo.
General Reference:
Products currently covered by valid US Patents are offered for R&D use in accordance with 35 USC 271(e)+A13(1). Any patent infringement and resulting liability is solely at buyer risk.

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